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Cell Therapy

Have you ever thought how will your physical condition be like when you are approaching middle age or towards your 60s, 70s, 80s, or even your 90s?

Aging is a natural process that no one can escape from. Environmental and genetic factors leave traces of aging such as dry skin, wrinkles, hyperpigmentation, memory loss, hair loss, and decline in immune system. With the booming era of medicine in the 21st century, we can delay aging through cell therapy by strengthening our immune system, which improves quality of life.

Cell therapy is the process of introducing new cells into a tissue, thereby activating the body’s “self-healing function” and building a robust and effective immune system to fight diseases.

There are mainly two types of cell therapy and they are stem cell therapy and immunotherapy.

1. Stem Cell Therapy

Stem cell therapy refers to the use of stem cells to transplant into patient’s body using specialised techniques in order to replace or repair damaged cells, tissues or organs.

2. Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is the use of patient’s own immune cells such as natural killer cells (NK cells), dendritic cells (DC cells), B cells and T-cells to effectively target any foreign threats in the body such as infected cells or cancerous cells.

The Main Causes of Cell Damage

With rapid research and development in the field of medicine and biology, scientists gradually uncover that the factors behind aging and age related diseases are due to poor lifestyle habits and genetic traits.

Environmental Factors
  1. Chronic inflammation
    Chronic inflammation is caused by inflammatory factors that persist in damaging tissues. When the body is in “chronic inflammation” for a long time, it may induce a series of serious diseases and damage the health.
  2. Oxygen free radicals
    It is one of the main factors leading to human diseases and aging.
  3. Immune metabolism
    Age of immune metabolism, infectious factors, obesity, diet, etc. all have important effects on immune cell metabolism. Immune metabolism can be divided into two parts:
    1. The function of immune cells can metabolize and regulate adipose tissue and liver and other organs throughout the body.
    2. Metabolic pathways in immune cells can regulate the immune response.
Genetic Factors
  1. Telomere shortening
    Telomere shortening is a molecular clock that triggers aging. Its average length decreases as cell divides and age which leads to decline of chromosomal stability. This decline an important factor that causes aging.
  2. Oncogene activation
    Oncogene activation causes normal cells to become cancerous, erosive, and metastatic. Activation methods include mutation, gene amplification, chromosomal rearrangement, and viral infection.
  3. Epigenetic
    Epigenetic refers to the external modification to DNA that turn genes “on” or “off”. These modification does not change the DNA sequence but rather affect how cells “read” the genes.