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Hematopoietic Stem Cells

Hematopoietic Stem Cells are multipotent stem cells that can develop into all types of blood cells, including white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. It has the characteristics of self-renewal and replication. It divides from one cell into two cells, which is double the growth. Hematopoietic stem cells produce billions of new blood cells every day and are responsible for constantly renewing blood. Hematopoietic stem cells can be obtained from cord blood, bone marrow, and peripheral blood from adults. It is generally used for blood and immune diseases, such as blood cancer, thalassemia, etc.

Cord Blood HSCs Are The Best
 Cord bloodBone MarrowPeripheral blood
SourceUmbilical cord and placentaBone marrow tissuePeripheral blood
Stem cell age0 years oldSame age as donorSame age as donor
Immune rejectionLowHigherHigher
Side effectNoYesYes
PainNoHighly invasiveHighly invasive
BeneficiariesSelf and close relativesSelf and close relativesSelf and close relatives
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, cancer cells in patients are destroyed through high-dose radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Then autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells are reinfused into the vein or given to the patient so that the patient can rebuild normal hematopoietic cells and immune functions. In recent years, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation technology has gradually matured. It has been recognized by the medical profession and being widely used to cure leukaemia, hereditary and severe immune diseases.